Bush ,Joel. (2017) .Student of Professional Athlete-Tax Implications in the United States if College Athletes were to be Classified as Paid Employees. Vol.68
Joel Bush as assistant professor in the Lucas College and Graduate School of Business at San Jose State University discusses one angle that has not been fully examined and that is always important in any economic evaluation of a sports enterprise , including that at the university level, is the tax ramifications to both student-athletes and universities should these challenges be successful and students athletes be classified as employees. Bush’s purpose is to provide a practical context of these legal challenges and the various tax-related problems and possible solutions in a scenario where student-athletes were to be treated as employees . Readers who will find this article interesting are those interested in the many controversies surrounding college athletics, particuallary football. This article is also an academic journal.
Moore, Kevin . (2008). Sports Heritage and the re-imaged city: The National Football Museum , Preston , Vol.14 Issue 4, p445-461. 17p
Moore discusses how sports is increasingly a part of the regeneration strategies of British cities and there is an increasing connection between sports and culture within these strategies. The target audience for this article are those exploring the culture of sports and how they have evolved over time in Britan. The main goal of the article is to show the development of this museum as a case study of sports heratiage in urban cultural regeneration.
Clyne , Jo. “Interactive History at the National Sports Museum” , Agora ; JUN2016, vol.51 Issue 2 ,p71-73 ,3p
In this article Jo Clyne explores some of the learning resources developed by the History Teachers Association of Victoria (HTAV) for The National Sports Museum (NSM) that helps students appreciate sport as a medium for reflecting Australias cultural and social history. It mentions that NSM’s curators and audience development team with the history of school based australian football.It also mentions that different experiences and perspectives of australian experiences and perspectives of Australia democracy and citizenship. Given its publication in aa university press, the intended audience is an audience of academics, likely in the fields of athletic studies .
Ramshaw ,.G (2010). Living Heritage and the Sports Museum; Athletes , Legacy and the Olympic Hall of Fame and Museum, Canada Olympic Park,… Journal of Sport & Tourism Feb2010,Vol.15 Issue 1, p45 26p.
Gregory Ramshaw the assistant professor at the Department of Parks , Recreation & Tourism Management at Clemson University discusses how museums are sites of cultural production, although what kind of culture they produce , and to what end, has changed considerably in recent years. He offers his insight on this issue through a study (conducted by himself) that examines the Olympic Hall of Fame and Museum at Canada Park in Calgary , Alberta, Canada. Readers who will find this article interesting , could range from sports enthusiast to a regular fan of olympic sports. This publication is indeed an acedemic journal, because of the academic language and structure.
The Associated Press; In College Football Taking Hits On Twitter Is Part Of The Game; The New York Times (2017)
The bigger the stage, the more fans talk about and taunt college players behind a Twitter handle.Most players try to restrain themselves from firing back. Throughout the article , the associated press points out numrous situations where college football players have been threathend or talked down uopn via social media in particular on twitter.Theres alot of evidence where actual players hace been targarted with threats such as ;Clemson linebacker Ben Boulware is his team’s top tackler and a lightning rod for criticism on Twitter. Some of the posts curse him; others he laughs off. This article can open alot of peoples eyes who think that athletes have it all good and that everyones a fan of what they do, when thats definatly not the case just as much as theirs a group of fans that love us theres another group thats hate us even more.
Giles, Ray…The New York Times , Jan (2017)
Ray Giler , a senior writer for The New York Times shares how college football players use their stipend checks. In this article Giler shows readers exactly how most college football players spend their monthly stipend checks; none of its on “junk” and its almost always never enough. The stipends, which are meant to cover costs not included in a traditional athletic scholarship, have been allowed since before last season. The move came after the Power 5 conferences, acting with the autonomy newly granted them by the N.C.A.A., voted to enlarge the grant-in-aid given to scholarship athletes to include the full cost of attendance. That figure is the more expansive measurement that every college already calculates, and it encompasses expenses like rent, cellphone bills and trips home. Giler has interviewed multiple players from Clemson University to The University Of Washington and has gotten their testimony on how they spend their checks , and this is concrete examples for people to look at. How the players use the stipend money is up to them. Before his car repair, Deon Cain used part of his to cover the $100 fee his younger brother needed to play football at his high school. Clemson Tigers right guard Tyrone Crowder said he decided to spend some of his on a pet but, unable to keep a cat or dog where he lives, he bought a fish tank instead. “Fish are relatively cheap,” he said. Fans interested in what goes on behind the scences of college football particualry with the players would find this article very intersting and Im pretty sure it would shock alot of readers.
Blake Marshall and Jared Walch , the sports writers for The Daily Utah Chronicle argues that athletes should be paid for their performances . College athletics is big business. In fact, the state of Utah’s highest paid public official is Kyle Whittingham (University of Utah Head Football Coach) .Millions of dollars are spent updating stadiums, training facilities and other areas of athletic departments, all for “amateur” athletes to compete. In the article, Marshall points out how student athletes contributes to their respective university , and the revenue that is coming in; from video game sales and jersey sells. Furthermore, athletes work more than most students. The NCAA has a regulation that is intended to limit training for players to 20 hours per week. In 2011, the NCAA survey conducted in 2011, Division I football players averaged 43 hours a week. Baseball came in second with 42.1 hours and men basketball came in third with 39.2 ( Marshall & Walch ). The NCAA has a regulation that 50% student athletes have to graduate is very loose, but in order to keep the mindset of a student-first mentality, college athletes are not “paid” (Marshall &Walch 2016). The purpose of this article is to help “shine the light” on athletes being mistreated and abused by major colleges and universities. Those who will find this article most useful are fans interested in college football and the players , and the daily struggles would find this article interesting also people who play the NCAA football video games, because it will answer a lot of their questions and wonders .